Preventive Heat Pump maintenance is a critical component of the functionality of your pump this winter. Now that the temperatures are dropping, many homeowners starting the winterization of their homes. It’s important to include your heat pump in your maintenance routine. Here’s how to inspect your heat pump.

Inspecting the Outdoor Components of Your Heat Pump

The condensing unit is a critical component to the operation of your heat pump during the winter months. This is typically found in the part of the heat pump that is located outdoors. You must inspect this feature closely by performing the following steps:

  1. First, look at the base pan and look for debris lodged within the drain holes. If any is present, remove it.
  2. Next, examine all of the wires and the insulation surround the wires. If any damage is noted, immediately replace and repair, as necessary.
  3. Now, move on to the fan motor. Look at the blades of the fan. You want to ensure that they are not damaged and that each blade is appropriately damaged. It is also important to oil the motor.
  4. There is an outdoor temperature sensor located near the condensing unit. You should verify that it is fully intact and in the appropriate location.
  5. Clean any and all debris that is surrounding the system. For example, if leaves, pine needles, and small branches have fallen, you will want to clean all of it up.

Inspecting the Indoor Components of the Heat Pump

Once everything has been inspected and dealt with in terms of the outdoor components of your heat pump, you will want to move to inspecting the indoor components of the system. In doing so, follow the steps outlined below:

  1. Evaluate the air filter. In most instances, this will need to be replaced. Be sure to purchase and install the appropriate size and type for your heat pump.
  2. Inspect all wiring to ensure that there is no damage and all connections are secured tightly.
  3. You should inspect the blower to ensure it is balanced, cleaned, and the bearings have the proper amount of lubrication.
  4. There will be an indoor drain pan. This should be cleaned thoroughly and should be checked to ensure that there is no present damage.
  5. If the heat pump is electric, check the electrical elements. If fuel-based, ensure all gas lines are in proper working order and show no signs of compromise.

Get a Certified Technician to Evaluate Operational Maintenance

The next step to ensuring that your heat pump is working properly is to enlist the assistance of a certified technician to evaluate the general operation of the system.

This individual should check the pressure of the suction line and the system, as a whole. They will also check the refrigeration, the defrost cycle, and determine if any leaks are in the system. The thermostat, the heating capability, and the duct work will also be checked.